The Due Guard
By Bro. John W. Callaghan
The “due guard” of an Entered Apprentice is a symbol of which little is known, outside the districts where it is still in use. Yet it is well worth enquiring into, and it may be that some results of recent research, as to the origin, antiquity, and meaning, will be of interest to many Brethren.
The symbol is still in use in most of the Lodges holding of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and although allowed to drop out for a long period in America, we now find many Grand Lodges in that vast country using this symbol to inculcate some beautiful thoughts.
Many modern writers, if they refer to the “due guard” at all, give little or no explanation of its meaning, contenting themselves by saying that it is merely a mode of recognition, now fallen out of use, and taking its name from its purpose, which is to “duly guard” that which we have received in honour.
In Scotland the Entered Apprentice while taking his Obligation has the L.H. under, and the R.H. upon the Volume of the Sacred Law. This has to be noted in order to understand why a loyal Scottish Brother, when first called to order at the due constitution of an Entered Apprentice Lodge, stands at the “due guard” instead of the Penal Sign as is the custom in some sister constitutions.
One good reason for this may be that it seems quite improper to come up to the principal Sign of the degree before the final instruction from the presiding officer, “and while at work this shall be your Sign” which, as the Lodge is not duly constituted until that instruction is given, seems to preclude the use of the Penal Sign until that point is reached.
Another good reason for its retention, and a beautiful lesson, lies in its symbolism. Being taught to stand to order in this way, the Entered Apprentice is ever reminded that in taking his Obligation he held the Moral Law between his hands thus taking to himself all that the Volume of the Sacred Law contains for the guarding of his Truth, Honour and Virtue.
All the seven known Volume of the Sacred Law’s contain the Moral Law in almost identical form, it seems probable that this symbol has at one time been as universal as it is beautiful, our whole structure being built on morality.
Dr. Mackey, in his Encyclopaedia, says that the term “due guard” is an Americanism, and therefore of recent origin, although he refers to a ritual of 1757 in which it is used.
An American writer, Bro. Wildey E. Atchison, of Iowa, deals with this subject in No.1 of “The Builder,” published by the “National Masonic Research Society2 Anamosa, Iowa, and is well worth quoting at length. He writes:-
“Now there is reason to believe that "due guard" goes back to a time long prior to 1757, or to 1727, or to 1717, and that it came very reasonably from a phrase which was once the name of a town, whereby hangs a long tale, too long for the telling here, though it may be attempted at a later date.
Those who have read aught of the history of book-and paper-making know that these two trades were in the very van of those enlightened ones who led that great movement against the papacy, and all connoted thereby, which resulted at last in the Reformation and the Renaissance. Now it happens, as has been shown conclusively by various scholars working as specialists in this field, that these "Reformers before the Reformation" had to work in secret, and by means of signs and watchwords, lest they be detected by the authorities and therefore suffer grievous evils.
Always there was a movement against the seven tyrannies of Rome but it was not until the beginning of the thirteenth century that this movement assumed such formidable movements as led the Holy Father to send out Bulls of destruction, which Bulls and their carrying out, left on the pages of history the reddest and angriest scars that Clio has to look upon.
Those who wrote books, those who printed books, and those who manufactured the paper and binding of these books, were naturally in the closest federation so far as all intellectual aims were concerned, and the members of these allied trades, so it may be safely said, formed a kind of great unorganized fraternity which worked underground in behalf of enlightenment. The paper-makers were in the habit of watermarking their stock with emblematic devices which were understood by the initiated; and the printers used for head-pieces and tail-pieces, and for initial ornaments, such cunning figures as, to those on the inside, meant very much; and the authors themselves, by a clever use of capital letters and such makeshifts, were able to flash to the scattered friends of Learning that they had many brethren here and there though they might know it not. A watermark was very often a call across the dark by one brother to another in order to carry a word of hope, recognition, and encouragement.
Now it happens that one of the towns at the very centre of the French paper-making trade was called "Dieu le garde," which, in our more familiar speech, connotes "God Guard It." In after years usage changed the name to various forms, such as Dulegard, Daulegard, etc., but it is evident that the French of that community never forgot the origin of the unusual name.
What more natural thing than that the Albigensian paper-makers should hit upon this name of one of their towns as an excellent device to use in their water-marks! Many such watermarks exist. One of them, a copy of which lies before me as I write, carries an elaborate symbolism in which one may detect the emblems of Light, of Brotherly Love, of the Bright and Morning Star, of the Spirit of Truth, etc., with a band across the bottom in which are the letters that spell "Daulegard."
But what has this to do with Freemasonry? This, that it seems very reasonable to suppose that among the various institutions the members of which in those days had completely outgrown the puerile superstitions enforced by the papacy must have been the Masonic lodges. I believe that this will some day be proved by documentary evidence. I am convinced myself that others of the fraternities existing in secret at that time, such as the various schools of the Alchemists, and, later, the Rosicrucians, had some connections with the Masonic Fraternity, and left in its symbolism certain emblems and ideas of their own. In other words, Freemasonry in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries was one of many secret fraternities the members of which were devoted to a campaign of enlightenment (which in those days meant anti-Rome) and it therefore fell heir to a whole stream of occult and symbolical lore which was devised to meet the situation at the time, which situation was that men could not, except at the peril of their lives, speak in public what every man of intelligence knew in his private mind.
Among these devices, symbols, or emblems thus inherited was this favourite paper-maker's device, "Dieu le garde," "God Guard It." This hypothesis seems reasonable to me; it has a host of facts behind it; and it gives to the expression as we have it a meaning and some significance.”
Those of us who use this symbol are grateful to Bro. Atchison for this added light, and it is to be hoped that he will find time to treat this matter at greater length in the near future.
My readers will agree that it would be a pity to see the “due guard” become obsolete, and many will hope that it may again become universal. It would be a fine beginning if our great ones, amongst whom there is a tendency to let it go, would take note of how the Brethren on the floor stand to order at the first time of asking.
The Treasury of Masonic Thought – Published in Dundee 1924.